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 Amitabha Ghosh, Chairman, BOG NITTTR Bhopal

Amitabha Ghosh was born on 3rd December, 1941 at village Barhra of Birbhum district, West Bengal.

After completing his schooling at Barhra High School he did ISc from Suri Vidyasagar College (under Calcutta University) in 1958. He received his Bachelor and Master’s degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Bengal Engineering College, Shibpur, (Calcutta University) in 1962 and 1964, respectively. He joined the Mechanical Engineering Department of this college as a Lecturer in 1965 May and continued his doctoral research finally receiving the Doctor of Philosophy degree from Calcutta University in 1969. He joined IIT Kanpur in January 1971 as an Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering and became Professor in 1975 June. From 1977 to 1978 he spent at the Technical University Aachen with Alexander von Humboldt Foundation fellowship. From 1997 to 2002 he served IIT Kharagpur as the Director and subsequently returned to Kanpur where he continued teaching as a Professor till his retirement in 2006. Afterwards he was a Senior Scientist of the Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi and Honorary Distinguished Professor at IIT Kanpur and Bengal Engineering & Science University, Shibpur till 2011. Currently Prof. Ghosh is a Platinum Jubilee Senior Scientist of the National Academy of Sciences, India and an Honorary Distinguished Professor, Department of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Bengal Engineering & Science University, Shibpur.

ACADEMIC AND RESEARCH CONTRIBUTIONS: Prof. Ghosh started his research activities at BE College and guided a number of Masters’ students in the areas of Manufacturing Science and Mechanism & Machine Dynamics. He conducted research on diffusion wear of cutting tools and, later along with his students, discovered a new tribological effect when magnetic fields are imposed on ferromagnetic bodies. He also discovered the means of enhancing vibration damping through introduced stress concentration. At IIT Kanpur he guided a large number of Masters’ and 18 PhD students. Apart from solving the kineto-elastodynamic problems of high speed mechanisms for the first time, he, along with, his students was the first to discover the phenomenon of chaos in mechanical systems and conducted the first experiments on mechanical chaos in 1978. He proposed a new theory of inertial induction model of Gravitation leading to a number of profound cosmological and astrophysical consequences. Apart from developing some new advanced manufacturing processes utilizing the electrochemical discharge phenomenon and some new stationary and mobile robotic systems for the Department of Atomic Energy, India he also developed an innovative regenerative brake mechanism and stable drive system for cycle rickshaws. He also invented a number of new drive systems and mechanisms and conducted original research in the area of Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines. He has published over 120 research papers and written five books; the text books by him have made a lasting impression on the way the subjects are taught in India and abroad.

OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS: He served IIT Kanpur as the Head of Mechanical Engineering and also as the Principal Coordinator of the Quality Improve Programme of the MHRD, India. He initiated the first academic programme in Robotics in India in 1984 and the first Centre for Robotics was set up at IIT Kanpur with him as the founder Head. At IIT Kharagpur he started the first Master’s programme in Medical Science and Technology for MBBS doctors in India, the Centre for Theoretical Studies, the School of Information Technology, Space Technology Centre, Advanced Technology Centre, Advanced VLSI Laboratory and Media Lab Asia. He was the Indian Coordinator for the DST-JSPS programme on Advanced Manufacturing from 1998 to 2005. During the last six years he has been coordinating a major Indo-US Centre, funded by the Indo-US Science & Technology Forum, for collaborative research in the emerging area ‘Fabrionics’ (advanced and futuristic fabrication techniques at micro and nano scales) involving IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, CMERI Durgapur, BESU Shibpur, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Northwestern University, University of California, Irvine, University of Illinois at Chicago and University of Missouri, Columbia. The Centre conducted 10 international workshops, funded about 120 exchange visits by faculty and scholars from both sides, published two books and about 50 research papers and resulted in sponsored research on both sides amounting to about US $4 million. The Centre activities have already led to the development of a number of cutting edge technologies.  As the Chairman of the Research Council of Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur he has helped the Institute in transforming itself into an advanced research centre in a number of emerging areas. He was the Chairman of the DST FIST (Funding for Infrastructure in Science & Technology for the major Institutions and Universities like IISc, IITs, NITs, JU, BHU, AMU, BESU and other engineering institutions) programme for Engineering Sciences from 2002 to 2008 and was the Chairman of the CSIR Engineering Science programme from 2001 to 2004. He was also the Chairman of the Project Appraisal Committee of the DST from 2002 – 2005. He is currently the Chairman, Board of Governors, National Institute of Technical teachers Training and Research Bhopal under MHRD and Birbhum Institute of Engineering and Technology, Suri.

AWARDS: Prof. Ghosh received the Calcutta University Gold Medal for standing First Class First in both the Bachelors’ and Masters’ examinations. He also received the Calcutta University A H Pandya endowment Gold Medal for standing first among the students of all the branches of engineering. He was the first to receive Distinguished Teacher Award of IIT Kanpur. He also received the National Design and Research Award by the Institution of Engineers (India), Engineering Personality Award by the Institution of Engineers (India), and the Lifetime Achievement Award at the International Manufacturing Design & Technology Research Conference, 2006. He has been conferred with Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) by Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers (India), Indian National Academy of Engineering, New Delhi, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi and the National Academy of Sciences, India, Allahabad. He was also made an Honorary Life Fellow of the Association of Mechanisms and Machines.

OTHER ACTIVITIES: Prof. Ghosh also writes articles in Bengali for magazines like Desh, Anandamela, Hriday etc. His two Bengali novels have been published by Dey’s Publishers and Sahityam. He has interest in sketching, portrait drawing and classical music. He also plays pakhwaz.

After settling in Shibpur, Howrah, Professor Ghosh took the leading role in establishing a registered academic society, South Howrah Citizens’ Forum, and is the President of this Forum. The Forum organizes science education programmes in Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy for senior school students every year with funding from the three science academies of India. Every month a public lecture is organized on various topics delivered by eminent personalities of India from various walks of life. A two semester Civil Construction Supervisory Training  Programme is being run by the forum in collaboration with Bengal Engineering and Science University Shibpur to  render the poor school pass outs employable and helping them to get employment. Beside organizing other types of lecture/demonstration programmes fortnightly the Forum also brings out an impressive annual publication with rich content - Samvid.